The City of Our Forefathers
Hevron is situated in the southern section of Har Hevron, about 1000 meters above sea level. This height grants Hevron the position of being the highest city in the country. Hevron has a pleasant climate: cool in the summer, cold and sometimes white with snow in the winter. The city is covered with grape vines and olive trees and offers mountainous scenery to its onlookers. The uniqueness of the city however, does not lie in details of its geography, rather in its history.
Hevron is one of the oldest cities in the country and in the world. The city has been populated continuously for about 5000 years and has been the stage for many historical occurrences of great importance to the Jewish People and the Land of Israel. Hevron occupies a special place in the history of the Jewish People. Here we witnessed the beginnings of the bond between the Jewish People and the Land of Israel, a bond which has been continuous for thousands of years. Here the matriarchs and patriarchs of the Jewish People are buried. About 3800 years ago, Avraham Avinu bought the Cave of the Machpela. This transaction is documented in detail in the Torah and its importance for the coming generations is emphasized. (Sefer Bereshit, 23).
Many great rabbis and leaders who shaped the identity and character of the Jewish People are buried in Hevron. Our patriarchs and matriarchs, Avraham and Sarah, Yitzhak and Rivka, Yakov and Leah – made their homes in Hevron. Here, they laid the foundations for the Jewish People. All of them were buried in the Cave of the Machpela, which was chosen by Avraham Avinu as the familial burial place.
Our Forefathers who linked themselves to Hevron and to the Cave of the Machpela in their lifetimes, left this bond as a legacy for all generations. In his will, Yakov Avinu gave the history and details of the locality of the Cave of the Machpela and commanded his sons to bury him there with his forefathers (Sefer Bereshit 49-50).
In this way, Hevron was established as the "City of Our Forefathers" in the Jewish consciousness for all times.